CBD stands for Cannabidiol and is a compound found in the cannabis plant. It is a substance that comes from the leaves, resin, or flowering tops of the plant, and is known for possibly having many health benefits. In particular, it affects the serotonin levels and signaling pathways of your brain, and can relieve pain or inflammation, according to NIH MedlinePlus.
CBD can come from either cannabis or hemp, but cannabis also contains THC and has more CBD content than hemp. Due to how hard it is to extract from hemp, and how much more concentrated it is in cannabis, CBD is more commonly extracted from cannabis. Despite these differences, however, the chemical structure of the extracted CBD is exactly the same.
Difference Between Hemp Oil and CBD Oil
When buying CBD products, however, one should be careful. NIH MedlinePlus notes that hemp Oil is not the same as CBD Oil, because it is made from the seeds and has almost no CBD in it at all.
According to Healthline, “CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil”. And while products can say they include ʻcannabiniodsʻ — a broad category of compounds — not all of them will actually contain CBD.
Types of CBD Products
CBD can be found as pills, oils, tinctures, vaporizing liquids, and edibles. Oils and tinctures are oils infused with CBD, and are usually placed under the tongue with a dropper. There are also creams and lotions, applied topically to treat inflammation and pain.
Pills take much longer than the prior two methods to kick in, but they are used for seizure and digestive treatments.
Edibles, such as gummies, are very popular and discreet — as well as good for monitoring your doses, according to Healthline.
Vaping CBD is also an option, but it is possible that inhaling vapor into your lungs can damage the lung tissue.
Health Benefits of CBD
According to Harvard Health, CBD is approved and known to help control serious seizure disorders, such as Dravet Syndrome, LGS, or epilepsy — especially in children. It is also known for being an anti-inflammatory, and can help with treating pain, multiple sclerosis, and arthritis.
Due to itʻs effects on serotonin levels and signaling pathways, it is possible that it can help with schizophrenia, insomnia, anxiety, depression, and substance abuse disorders, but itʻs still being researched, notes Healthline. Many research agencies are hoping CBD can be effective against opioid addiction as well.
According to a Harvard Health, “Without sufficient high-quality evidence in human studies we can’t pinpoint effective doses”. An FDA approved marijuana drug with CBD, called Epidiolex, has largely given researchers hope that federally-funded research on cannabis will become a bigger possibility.
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